The agents of the town hall carry out residential visits with actions to fight against Aedes aegypti, vector of dengue fever, chikungunya and the Zika virus. Photo: Fortaleza City Council.
Through the Municipal Health Service (SMS), the City Council of Fortaleza carried out, in the first four months of the year, inspections of approximately 700,000 properties, aimed at eliminating mosquito outbreaks, in as part of actions to control Aedes aegypti, which transmits Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika virus.
In addition to the direct fight against the dengue mosquito, Aedes aegypti, the first four months also recorded 21,068 health education and social mobilization actions to prevent the proliferation of arboviruses in Fortaleza.
According to Fortaleza’s environmental surveillance coordinator, Nélio Moraes, endemic disease agents have intensified actions in the neighborhoods with the highest number of notifications this year, especially Chikungunya cases, in addition to reinforcing directives to the population on the importance of everyone doing their part. “To take preventive measures and avoid the spread of transmission, the best option remains to fight against the sources of water accumulation, as everyone knows”, underlines the coordinator.
As for the surveillance of high traffic areas, such as squares and strategic points, such as scrap metal and vacant lots, 13,975 visits were made, according to the town hall. In addition, 428.65 tonnes of tires were collected in partnership with EcoFor Ambiental and 109 abandoned and/or closed lots were also inspected by the Fortaleza Inspection Agency (Agefis).
The town hall also pointed out that other strategies have been carried out this year, such as the storage of deposits (1,938), the blocking of blocks (2,532), the demands of the population satisfied (1,681); confirmed case transmission blocks (63). In addition, the intervention of the Operação Quintal Limpo carried out the collection of 27,450 tons of waste, such as unnecessary materials and large objects, such as furniture, sofas, old mattresses, tires, among others actions that can prevent the proliferation of the mosquito.
Good breeding season for Aedes aegypti mosquito
The heat and rain, typical of this time of year, are favorable factors for the reproduction of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Basic measures like keeping crates, tubs and water barrels covered, not letting water collect in tires, tiles, bottles and keeping filled pots of potted plants to the brim of sand, are the responsibility of the population to fight against the disease.
Epidemiological situation in Fortaleza
According to the latest bulletin published by the Municipal Health Directorate, 2,204 cases of Dengue fever and 2,597 cases of Chikungunya have been confirmed in Fortaleza since the beginning of the year until now. Only one case of Zika virus has been recorded.
“With regard to dengue fever, this means that we have closed the first four months of the year with a transmission scenario within the endemic pattern, which we consider with a low incidence. There has been an increase from from the eighth epidemiological week and a decrease in the rate a few weeks later Chikungunya data increased and we had neighborhoods with high incidence, which we call small geographic epidemics, we have now reached 105 neighborhoods with a record of cases. The cumulative incidence rate is 96.1 cases per 100,000 inhabitants,” informed Noélio.