Released this Thursday (19/05), the new edition of Newsletter of the Covid-19 Fiocruz Observatory heightens concern about stagnant growth in immunization coverage in the adult population, in addition to the slowing of the third dose coverage curve. The analysis shows that, in the population over 25 years of age, national coverage for the complete vaccination schedule is 80%. However, compared to the age groups, the data show that the third dose in the younger age groups remains below the average deemed satisfactory.
The analysis shows 63.9% coverage in the age group 55-59, 57.9% 50-54, 52.8% 45-49. The percentage gradually decreases: from 40 to 44 years old it is 49.8%, from 35 to 39 years old it is 44.7%, from 30 to 34 years old it is 40.3%, from 25 to 29 years old it is is 35.5%, 20-24 is 30.4% and 18-19 is 25.2%.
Regarding epidemiological weeks (SE) 18 and 19, period from April 24 to May 14, the Report card indicates that, compared to the fourth dose, in the age group of 80 years and over it is 17.7%, from 75 to 79 years it is 12.4%, from 70 to 74 years it is 12%, 65 to 69 is 6.4% and 60 to 64 is 3.4%.
The study indicates that 14 units of the Federation have more than 80% of the population vaccinated with the first dose and 18 have more than 70% with the second dose. Piauí and São Paulo stand out for their high vaccination coverage since the first dose.
Observatory researchers, responsible for Report card, also point out that coverage in all Brazilian states remains quite heterogeneous. “It is important to recognize that the expansion of vaccination, particularly by prioritizing regions with low coverage and booster doses in the most vulnerable population groups, can further reduce the impacts of the pandemic on mortality. and hospitalizations,” they say.
For the third dose, in age groups over 65, coverage is over 80%. The fourth dose of vaccines was applied to 17% of the population over 80 years of age. In children between 5 and 11 years old, 60% took the first dose and 32% had a complete vaccination schedule.
cases and deaths
O Report card informs that during the last three epidemiological weeks (SE), from April 24 to May 14, approximately 16,000 cases and 100 deaths have been recorded daily, which corresponds to a case fatality rate of 0.7%, reaching the values lowest stable levels since the start of the pandemic.
Increase in positivity rates
“The current scenario is still worrying. The frequency of hospitalizations was consistently higher in the elderly than in adults. In addition, the emergence of new variants, which can evade the immunity produced by existing vaccines, is an ongoing concern,” they explain.
O Report card warns that, given the lack of incentive to use masks as a collective protective measure and the non-mandatory use of the vaccination passport, the discussion on vaccination becomes even more important, since this strategy is currently placed as the only protection resource against Covid-19 in the country.