Eliminating the dengue mosquito is essential, as is information about the disease – how it is acquired and how it is transmitted – to contain new cases. Even with actions by the State Department of Health (SESA) on many fronts, the participation of the population is essential for the elimination of breeding sites Temples of the Egyptianssince most are located on land and residences.
According to 38th Dengue Epidemiological Report, released Tuesday (17) by Sesa, there are nine additional deaths in the state and 12,440 new cases, an increase of 28.43% from the previous week’s bulletin figures. The deceased lived in Matinhos, Cafelândia, Cascavel, Terra Boa, Loanda, Nova Londrina, Maringá, Toledo and Telêmaco Borba. Paraná has 21 deaths and 150,752 reported cases, with 56,191 confirmations, since the start of the current seasonal period of the disease, in August 2021.
Of the 380 municipalities that have recorded dengue notifications, 328 have confirmed the disease, and in 286 of them there are autochthonous cases, that is, dengue was contracted in the municipality of patient’s residence.
In order to guide and engage the population in this fight, Sesa clarifies the main doubts about the disease:
1. How does a person recognize the mosquito? Temples of the Egyptians?
It has a dark body, with white stripes on the trunk, head and legs, and has a habit of biting, especially during the day.
How can people help?
Avoid the presence of breeding sites, both at home and in the place of work and study, by properly disposing of garbage, waste and recyclable materials. The elimination of any container that can hold water, no matter how small, is essential to prevent the proliferation of mosquitoes.
4. What are the most common dengue mosquito breeding sites?
Tires, gutters, vases, flat vases, bottles, water tanks without lids or with broken lids, cans, canvas or plastic, drains, bromeliads, swimming pools without treatment, disused toilets, cisterns without adequate sealing and containers that can accumulate water.
5. Can an infected person transmit the disease to another?
There is no transmission by direct contact of a patient or his secretions. The person is also not contaminated by water sources, food or the use of personal objects of the dengue patient. Transmission occurs only through the bite of an infected mosquito.
6. What are the main symptoms of dengue fever?
High fever (above 38.5 ºC), severe muscle pain, pain when moving the eyes, malaise, lack of appetite, headache and red spots on the body. Other more serious symptoms such as severe abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, dizziness (hypotension), decreased urine volume and severe fatigue may also occur.
7. How long do the symptoms appear?
From 3 to 15 days after the bite of the infected mosquito.
8. How to distinguish dengue fever from other febrile illnesses such as influenza?
The two conditions are similar because both have among the possible symptoms of fever, headache and in the rest of the body, fatigue and malaise. However, dengue does not present with respiratory symptoms such as runny nose (runny nose), nasal obstruction (stuffy nose) or cough. The patient must avoid trivializing febrile cases and as soon as the symptoms appear, consult a doctor.
9. When should you see a doctor?
It is necessary to consult a doctor whenever there is a manifestation of any kind of signs or symptoms.
ten. Why are some drugs contraindicated in dengue fever?
Medications derived from acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) are totally contraindicated in all or suspected cases of dengue because they interfere with platelet function and thus increase the risk of bleeding and hemorrhage. Anti-inflammatories can produce digestive bleeding in predisposed patients. People who use chronic medication must report this situation during the medical appointment for a readjustment if necessary (AAS for children, anticoagulants, among others). It is essential to avoid self-medication.
11. Why do some people develop the severe form of dengue and others do not?
Dengue is not a trivial disease and immobilizes the patient for several days. Most cases progress to recovery, but in some people it can progress to severe forms. This may occur due to individual predisposition, especially in patients with other comorbidities, children, the elderly, and pregnant women. And even if the person contracts or becomes infected with another serotype.
12. Can cases of dengue fever occur during the winter months?
Yes, as long as favorable conditions for vector proliferation are maintained. Even at low temperatures, mosquito eggs remain viable in breeding sites for about a year, hatching as soon as environmental conditions are favorable. Therefore, it is important to do the work of eliminating all containers that can accumulate water, even during the winter.
13. Does putting bleach in the water help prevent larvae?
Not. The only way to prevent the proliferation of the mosquito is the removal and removal of water deposits.
14. How is dengue fever diagnosed?
The diagnosis is based on a medical evaluation, based on the clinical examination of the patient and the epidemiological link. Complementary tests, such as complete blood count, may be done to identify disease severity and stage dengue fever. The tests are indicated to monitor the epidemiological situation in Paraná and carried out in patients classified as having warning signs and severe dengue fever. Sent by the Department of Health, they are also available for pregnant women and for suspected dengue fever deaths – in these cases, 100% testing is guaranteed for disease surveillance in the state.
15. In what cases is the so-called “smoke” made?
The use of nebulization intervenes as a last resort to control the vector and is complementary to other control actions, due to its limited scope and its significant environmental impact. It should only be used in emergency operations to try to contain outbreaks or epidemics.
See more information on dengue.pr.gov.br.