The disorder has more than 150 types and has its own date: National Headache Day is celebrated on May 19. See when to ask for help
A global study published in April in The Journal of Headache and Pain estimates that 52% of people over the age of 5 suffer from headaches, one of the most common and debilitating neurological disorders in the world. More than half of the world’s population suffers from at least one episode of headache per year, 14% having the chronic form of the disease, migraine. Another 26% have tension headaches (mild to moderate pain, as if it were a “squeeze”), and 4.6% experience the discomfort for 15 or more days per month.
To warn against the problem, May 19 is considered National Headache Day. In total, there are more than 150 types of headaches, which are classified according to the source of pain. The neurologist Iron Dangoni Filho, who works at the clinical center of the Orion complex, in Goiânia, highlights the main ones. “Migraine is the best known, but the most common in men is tension headache, which is milder and more common. In addition, I also highlight trigeminal autonomic headache and cluster headache, which are more common in men,” he explains.
The doctor explains that headaches can be primary and secondary, when they are caused by another disease, such as a tumor or a stroke. “Among the primaries, the symptoms may differ. For example, migraine is usually moderate to severe, single-sided, lasting about three days, and with associated symptoms such as photophobia (sensitivity to light) or phonophobia (sensitivity to sound). A tension headache is usually a pain in the back of the head that is milder and can get worse throughout the day and last up to seven days.
How to prevent
Iron Dangoni Filho points out that most people only do the treatment for pain relief, which is done with medication. However, he says that it is possible to do prevention. “For those who already have headaches, it is possible to prevent them from appearing with medication. However, many prefer non-drug treatment, which can be done with exercise, yoga, acupuncture, massage, and good nutrition. Going without sleep for long periods can also trigger seizures, as can going without food for a long time.
The expert points out that self-medication for headaches is also dangerous. “There are headaches caused by excessive use of painkillers, which occur when the type of pain changes due to the use of medication. Usually it gets worse and can become chronic, which makes treatment difficult,” he says. He reveals that when the pain appears frequently, you should seek a neurologist. “When it happens four times a month, there is already an indication. If the headaches appear less often, but they are serious, you should also seek help.When he changes his pattern, this is also a warning sign, for example, when he does not respond to painkillers or when he is much more intense intense than usual,” he explains.