Fiocruz warns of the stagnation of vaccination against Covid-19 in the country | Health

The Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) warned, on the morning of this Thursday (19), that there is currently a movement of stagnation in vaccination against Covid-19 in the country.

The alert came from the institution’s researchers during the release of the latest edition of the “Covid-19 Observatory Bulletin”, a document published systematically since the start of the pandemic in 2020, as a means of monitoring the evolution of the disease in Brazil.

In the bulletin, whose data collection covers the period until May 14 and made available by Fiocruz on its internet portal, the foundation’s technicians report that currently, in the population over 25, national coverage for the complete vaccination schedule is 80%.

However, when compared to age groups, the data shows that the third dose in the younger groups is lower than the average deemed satisfactory by the foundation’s researchers.

Why vaccination is a collective decision, not an individual decision

On the national scene, the Fiocruz recalls that 14 units of the Federation have more than 80% of the population vaccinated with the first dose and 18 have more than 70% with the second dose. However, these percentages are not homogeneous by age group, and change according to the age of the Brazilian, noted the researchers.

In the analysis of the bulletin carried out by the institution, the specialists in Fiocruz detail that today there is 63.9% vaccination coverage against covid-19 in the age group of 55 to 59 years old, 57.9% of 50 to 54 years old, 52.8% of 45 at 49 years old.

Also according to the researchers, as the age decreases, the level of vaccination also decreases. From 40 to 44 years old, the percentage is 49.8% and increases to 44.7% from 35 to 39 years old, 40.3% from 30 to 34 years old, 35.5% from 25 to 29 years old, 30.4 % from 20 to 24 years old, and 25.2% from 18 to 19 years old.

For the third dose, in age groups over 65, coverage is over 80%. But the fourth dose of vaccines has been applied to 17% of the population over the age of 80. Among children between 5 and 11 years old, 60% received their first dose and 32% had a full vaccination schedule, the researchers reported.

In practice, technicians Fiocruz point out, in the bulletin, that even after more than a year of vaccination, the vaccination coverage in all the States remains rather heterogeneous.

“It is important to recognize that the expansion of vaccination, particularly by prioritizing regions with low coverage and booster doses in the most vulnerable population groups, can further reduce the impacts of the pandemic on mortality. and hospitalizations,” the technicians say in the bulletin.

For the experts, “the current scenario remains worrying”, they underline in the bulletin. “The frequency of hospitalizations has been consistently higher in the elderly than in adults. In addition, the emergence of new variants, which can evade the immunity produced by existing vaccines, is an ongoing concern,” explain- they.

Additionally, the researchers warn that there is currently a lack of incentive to use masks as a collective protective measure; and non-compulsory use of the vaccination passport.

Thus, in practice, vaccination is today the only effective means of protection against covid-19 in the country.

On the other hand, there is not, for the moment, an explosion in the number of deaths due to the disease – which only proves the effectiveness of vaccinations.

The researchers reported that over the past three weeks, from April 24 to May 14, approximately 16,000 cases and 100 deaths were recorded daily, which corresponds to a case fatality rate of 0.7%, the lowest stable values. lowest since the start of the pandemic. , early 2020.

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