High blood pressure: physical activity is a powerful ally in the fight against the disease

According to data from the Brazilian Society of Hypertension (SBH), 30% of Brazilian adults are hypertensive. A sickness it can affect people of all ages and in its most common form it is incurable, but it can be controlled.

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As it is an often asymptomatic disease, it can be difficult to diagnose the disease. high blood pressure – or high pressure —, which sometimes allows it to progress to more serious conditions. It is therefore important to adopt a healthy lifestyle that promotes the maintenance of arterial pressure correct.

Hypertension Symptoms and Risks

According to Guilherme Barreto Gameiro Silva, Cardiology Coordinator at the Santa Cruz/Rede D’OR Hospital in Curitiba and Doctor of Sciences from the University of São Paulo (USP), the hypertension it’s silent and can affect organs such as the heart, brain, kidneys and vessels without the patient realizing it.

He also explains that the presence of symptoms of the disease – particularly target organ damage – is related to the duration of its presence in the patient and that its advanced stages can present symptoms secondary to the organ damage. Are they:

• Caress (stroke);

• Symptoms of heart failure;

• Visual loss due to damage to the retinal vessels.

As Guilherme points out, hypertension is the main risk factor for cardiovascular illnesses, chronic kidney disease and premature death; can also cause Strokeloss of kidney function requiring hemodialysis in advanced stages, madness and vessel disease.

“Patients with diabetes, with kidney disease, with already established cardiovascular disease (heart attack or heart failure, for example), or with three or more cardiovascular risk factors are considered high-risk hypertensive patients,” he continues.

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Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of hypertension

The maintenance of a healthy lifestyle must be a priority to control and prevent high blood pressure. However, Guilherme recommends the following attitudes:

• Control the obesity;

Diet in good health;

• Physical activity ordinary;

• Followed by stress emotional;

• Monitoring of excessive alcohol consumption;

• Smoking cessation.

The specialist also points out that, in patients with initial hypertension and low cardiovascular risk, non-drug treatment (which includes the care above) may be an option. If the pressure remains high after three months, the introduction of drugs is carried out.

For patients with more advanced hypertension or who are at additional cardiovascular risk – such as diabetes, smoking, obesity, dyslipidemia, stress, anxiety and sedentary lifestyle — drug treatment must be combined with other treatments from the outset.

Physical activity as an ally in the fight against hypertension

Moving the body can be one of the best ways to fight high blood pressure. To IstoÉ, the professional and technical director of physical education for the Bodytech network, Eduardo Netto, recommends moderate-intensity physical exercise three to six times a week, in sessions of 30 to 60 minutes, to help control the disease.

Eduardo lists walking, running, swimming, aerobic exercise, stretching, cycling, yoga and water aerobics as allies for lowering blood pressure, but recommends avoiding very intense exercise for short periods of time, like running and weightlifting.

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To make the practice of physical activities safe for people with hypertension, the specialist gives the following advice:

• Go through a prior medical evaluation before beginning an exercise program;

• Measure the pressure, before and during the execution of the exercises;

• Maintain control throughout the exercise;

• Avoid exercising in very strong sunlight or in very stuffy and hot places;

• Wear comfortable clothes and shoes with high soles on the heel to reduce the impact with the ground;

• Drink water before, during and after exercise, especially on a hot day;

• Avoid moving around in case of indisposition, headaches and intense fatigue, as well as if the pressure is higher than 16 to 10;

• Do not exercise on an empty stomach;

• Pay attention to any symptoms of discomfort before and during your practice;

• Do not use the Valsalva maneuver during the exercise (hold your breath during stimulation and/or contraction);

• Ensure that warm-up and cool-down phases are completed before and after exercise.

“It is always very important that you are accompanied by a multidisciplinary teamfor the doctor to make any medication adjustments and for your exercise program to be prepared by a qualified physical education professional”, reinforces Eduardo.

Is hypertension curable?

According to Guilherme, there are two types of hypertension. The first is the primary hypertension (or essential), “a chronic disease of multifactorial origin, resulting from the interaction between genetic and socio-environmental determinants”. This condition has no cure, only treatment.

There is also a less common type of hypertension: hypertension secondary, caused by an underlying disease. “This condition accounts for less than 20% of cases of high blood pressure and can be linked to diseases such as coarctation of the aorta, chronic kidney disease and endocrine causes. This type of hypertension can be cured when the disease which causes it is properly treated,” concludes the specialist.

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