How does the laser tattoo removal process work?

To remove the tattoo, the laser is considered the most effective technology and with less risk of side effects. But do you know how the laser tattoo removal process works? Understand each of the steps and the care required.

To do tattoo removal, lasers “break up” the colors of the pigment with a high intensity beam of light. In practice, black tattoo pigment absorbs all laser wavelengths, making the color easier to process. Other colors can only be processed by selected lasers according to the color of the pigments.

The first thing the professional does, after protecting the patient’s eyes, is to test the reaction of the skin to the laser to determine the most effective energy in the treatment. The technician then uses the laser to pass intense pulses of light through the upper layers of the skin, which will only be absorbed by the pigment in the tattoo.

This means that smaller tattoos require fewer wrists, for example, but even smaller tattoos require multiple sessions. The amount needed depends on a number of factors, such as age, size and color of tattoo, skin color, and even depth of pigment.

Does laser tattoo removal hurt?

Laser tattoo removal is described as uncomfortable, and there are professionals who apply numbing cream or even inject local anesthesia. It is also common for the professional to indicate the use of an ice pack to soothe the treated area and apply antibiotic cream or ointment and a dressing to protect it. Another care is to apply sunscreen when you are outside.

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Laser treatment is generally safer than many other tattoo removal methods, such as excision, dermabrasion, or salabrasion, because laser treatment selectively treats tattoo pigment. And there are very few side effects.

Tattoo removal: before and after

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It should be understood that the tattoo removal site poses a risk of infection and there is a risk of leaving a permanent scar at the site. In addition, the tattoo is unlikely to be completely removed. In many cases, some colors can be removed more effectively than others. To get an idea, blue or black tattoos respond best to laser treatment.

One of the risks of laser tattoo removal is hypopigmentation, which means that the treated skin becomes paler than the surrounding skin. The irony is that the reverse can also occur, hyperpigmentation, leaving the affected skin darker than the rest of the skin.

To ensure proper treatment and care, experts recommend doing your research and finding a reputable plastic surgeon. Regarding the cost of laser tattoo removal, the Brazilian Society of Dermatology indicates around R$1,500-1,800 per session.

Source: With information from WebMD

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