Kidney Stones: Know the Causes, Symptoms and Treatments | EdiCase

Kidney stones: know the causes, symptoms and treatment
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Kidney stones: know the causes, symptoms and treatment

Kidney stones can be caused by excessive sodium intake and insufficient fluid intake

The kidneys are shaped like a bean, each weighing an average of 140g. They are located at the back of the abdomen, near the spine. In addition to being responsible for filtering the blood, they have several functions. “Among them, the control of basic acid, the elimination of excess salts that are stored in our blood such as sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and the control of our blood pressure”, explains André Luis Baracat, nephrologist at Beneficência Portuguesa in São Paulo. . .

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Importance of water for the kidneys

The kidneys are also responsible for controlling the amount of water in our body. Water consumption is essential for the proper functioning of these organs, in addition to certain attitudes. “Avoid the use of anti-inflammatories, control protein consumption, periodically perform renal I and USG urine analysis, to make an early diagnosis of kidney stones, tumors and nephritis”, advises urologist Luiz Renato Montez Guidoni. In addition, hydration is essential to avoid diseases like kidney stones.

What are kidney stones?

Kidney stones, better known as kidney stones

, are hardened formations in the kidneys or urinary tract, resulting from the accumulation of existing crystals in the urine. It can affect anyone, but certain groups are the hardest hit.

“It is more common in patients with a family history of nephrolithiasis, obese, with increased uric acid after bariatric surgery and users of drugs that promote stone formation, such as topiramate”, analyzes urologist Luiz Renato Mount Guidoni.

Causes of Kidney Stones

The stones can be microscopic or have a few centimeters. “Within our population, perhaps the biggest cause of formation is heredity, transmitted from father to son, there is no way to remedy it. The second is urinary tract infection, more present in women”, analyzes André Luis Baracat. Unhealthy lifestyle habits, such as excessive sodium intake, foods rich in animal protein and low fluid intake, can also be at the origin of the disease.

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disease symptoms

Some of the most common symptoms of kidney stones include:

  • Severe pain that begins in the back and radiates from the abdomen to the inguinal region. It is a pain that is manifested by colic. That is, with a peak of intense pain followed by a period of relief. These attacks are usually accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
  • To change
    urine color

    by the presence of blood. It may become reddish or blackened, followed or not by difficulty in urinating.

  • Suspension or decrease in urine output.

How to Prevent Kidney Stones

To prevent the appearance of kidney stones, it is recommended to consume at least 2 liters of water a day and to have a diet low in salt and low in protein. “Furthermore, obesity is linked to the formation of stones. Once the stone has formed, it may come out spontaneously or be surgically removed. Only uric acid stones have a chance to dissolve, ”explains the urologist.

for kidney stones

One option for the treatment of renal colic is the use of analgesics to relieve pain. “As soon as the tests confirm the state of obstruction of the urinary tract by stone, the treatment can be done in different ways, depending on the intensity and frequency of the pain, the presence of fever, the alteration kidney function and the characteristics of the stones”, such as size, location and consistency”, analyzes the doctor Luiz Renato Montez Guidoni.

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clinical treatment

According to the urologist, the clinical treatment is with drugs that combat pain and facilitate the expulsion of tartar and, if there is a need for an emergency procedure, it is generally simple and non-invasive. “With an early discharge from hospital and a relatively short recovery,” he adds.

Luiz Renato Montez Guidoni explains that the calculation can also be fragmented and deleted. usually in the same

A urinary drain is placed (completely internal to the patient), called a double J catheter, consisting of a thin silicone tube facilitating the passage of urine trapped in the kidneys, and which is removed a few days after the first procedure.

The procedure can also be performed with a device that emits shock waves, “which, when it reaches the stone, usually fragments it, with the stone subsequently being eliminated through the patient’s urine.”

natural treatment

Natural remedies have properties that can help in the treatment and prevention of various diseases, the stone breaking plant is one of them. “Patients who suffer from kidney stones, which are kidney stones, can use the famous chaca-pedra tea. It has the power to inhibit the formation of stones, but it has already been proven that for this to happen and benefit those who use it, the herb must be ingested in very large quantities”, explains André Luis Baracat . The nephrologist specifies that this natural treatment has long-term results, consuming a few liters per day.

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