Monkeypox: Risk of transmission exists in Nigeria but minimal in UK, says WHO | Health

The World Health Organization (SGD) announced on Monday (16) that the risk of transmission of monkeypoxdetected no UK May 7, is minimal on UK soil, but exists in Nigeriawhere the source of the disease is still unknown.

monkeypox (see details below) is transmitted from animals to humans and usually occurs in forested regions of East and West Africa (where the Nigeria). The virus that causes the disease belongs to the same family as human smallpox, which was eradicated from the world in 1980.

Until now, at least 3 people have been diagnosed with monkeypox in the UK. The first case, identified in a person who traveled to Nigeria, was “immediately isolated and contact tracing was carried out”, according to the WHO. Therefore, the risk of disease transmission in the country is minimal. The other two reported cases are unrelated to the first.

Until the 11th, the screening carried out on people who had been in contact with the initial case had not identified symptoms compatible with the disease in the UK.

“However, as a source of infection in Nigeria is not known, the risk of continued transmission remains in this country,” the WHO said.

A Nigeria has been reporting cases of monkeypox since 2017. From September of this year to last April, 558 suspected cases were reported in 32 states across the country, with 241 confirmed cases and 8 deaths.

This year alone, through April 30, 46 suspected cases have been reported, with 15 confirmed in seven states. No deaths were recorded in 2022.

Nope UKthere have been seven previously reported cases of monkeypox – all linked to travel to the Nigeria. Last year the United States also reported two cases of the disease in humans, both linked to travel to the African country.

Monkeypox is transmitted by contact and exposure to large droplets emitted by a sick person. You Early symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and back pain, swollen glands, chills and exhaustion.

A a rash may develop, usually starting on the face, then spreading to other parts of the body, especially the hands and feet. The rash changes and goes through different stages before finally forming a crust, which then falls off.

The period between infection and the appearance of symptoms – called the incubation period – is usually 6 to 13 days, but can range from 5 to 21 days. Less severe cases may go undetected and pose a risk of person-to-person transmission..

The disease often goes away on its own, with symptoms usually resolving on their own within 14 to 21 days of infection. Symptoms can be mild or severe, and lesions can be very itchy or painful.

It is not known which animal acts as a reservoir for the disease, but it is likely a rodent, according to the WHO. Contact with live or dead animals through hunting and the consumption of wild animals or bushmeat are known risk factors.

Children are at a higher risk of dying from the disease, and smallpox during pregnancy can lead to complications, congenital smallpox, or stillbirth.

Although a vaccine has been approved – and the traditional smallpox vaccine also offers protection – these vaccines are not widely available. In addition, younger people – under 40 or 50 – who have not participated in previous smallpox vaccination programs also do not receive the protection that the vaccine would provide them.

Thanks to the success of vaccination, the WHO World Health Assembly declared smallpox eradicated in 1980, and no natural cases of the disease have occurred since.

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