Municipal health supervisors discover that a case in the neighborhood of Guaiúba and Imbituba reaches the 52nd outbreak of Aedes aegypti in 2022

The municipal health department, through health surveillance, confirmed that Imbituba had reached 52 outbreaks of Aedes aegypti. The Guaiuba neighborhood has entered the health surveillance list. The Center has reached 12 cases and the Sagrada Familia remains with 15 outbreaks of Aedes aegypti.

According to health surveillance data, outbreaks have already been detected in the following neighbourhoods:

  • New Brasília (09)
  • Porto de Vila (04)
  • Center (12)
  • Itapiruba (02)
  • Holy Family (15)
  • Vila Nova (05)
  • Aeronautical domain (01)
  • Vila Santo Antonio (02)
  • Penha (01)
  • Guaiuba (01)

CAMPAIGN FOR TOWN HALL

The Municipality of Imbituba, through the Municipal Health Service (SEMUSA), has launched in recent days a new awareness campaign on the dangers of the spread of Aedes aegypti. The materials carry the theme: “By doing our part, WE ARE UNBEATABLE against the dengue mosquito”.

The intention of the municipality is to remind residents of the risks of keeping the land dirty, full of weeds and materials that can accumulate water. Standing water in tires, plant pots, tin cans, or any other container contributes to the spread of dengue mosquito larvae.

O Aedes of Egypt

The mosquito that transmits the dengue, zika and chikungunya viruses is the Temples of the Egyptians. It is characterized by its small size, medium brown color and a distinct white curved band on each side of the thorax. On the legs he has white stripes.

| What are his habits?

O Temples of the Egyptians lives 35 to 45 days, and its feeding, reproduction and egg-laying take place during the day. Mosquito activity preferably occurs in the early morning and late afternoon. However, studies have indicated the possibility of this period increasing. Female mosquitoes need human blood for egg maturation. Thus, it is at this time that the transmission of diseases can occur (both the transmission of the virus to humans, and the infection of the mosquito during the bite of a patient during the period of viremia).

| Breeding Cycle

The female lays up to 100 eggs on the inside walls of containers that contain or can contain water. The female chooses more than one place to perform each posture, which ensures greater reproductive success, i.e. insects can be born from multiple containers in the same environment. In these places, the eggs can last up to a year and a half. Upon contact with water, the eggs quickly turn into larvae, which give birth to pupae. From them, the adult emerges in a cycle of about 7 days. This is why it is important that everyone observes their environment at least once a week to eliminate possible breeding grounds for mosquitoes. Temples of the Egyptians.

The dengue mosquito also transmits chikungunya and the Zika virus. Mobilize your family and eliminate standing water, helping to control outbreaks that can become breeding ground for Aedes aegypti.

General care

Prevention / Protection

  • Use screens on windows and doors, wear long clothes – pants and blouses – and, if you wear clothes that leave areas of the body exposed, apply repellent to those areas.
  • Preferably stay in places with protective screens, mosquito nets or other barriers available.

care

  • If you notice the appearance of red spots on the skin, red eyes or fever, consult a health service for treatment.
  • Do not take any medicine yourself.
  • Seek advice on reproductive planning and contraceptive methods from basic health units.

Information

  • Use information from institutional websites, such as the Department of Health and state and municipal health departments.
  • If you want to get pregnant: Seek advice from a healthcare professional and ask all the questions to assess your decision.
  • If you do not want to get pregnant: consult a doctor about contraceptive methods.

Aedes aegypti is a house mosquito. He lives within and close to man. With diurnal habits, the mosquito feeds on human blood, especially at dawn and dusk. Reproduction takes place in clean, calm water, as soon as the eggs are laid by the females. Eggs are laid and distributed by several breeding sites.

In less than 15 minutes, you can sweep your home and find the containers with stagnant water – a breeding ground for Aedes aegypti. See the main guidelines:

interior care and appts 250x200 red black

Care inside houses and apartments

  • Cover water tanks and reservoirs;
  • Keep the gutters always clean;
  • Always leave bottles upside down;
  • Keep garbage cans well covered;
  • Leave the drains clean and with a screen application;
  • Clean weekly or fill pots of potted plants with sand;
  • Clean animal waterers with a brush or loofah;
  • Remove accumulated water from the service area behind the washing machine.

outdoor space

Outdoor space of houses and condominiums

  • Cover and perform periodic maintenance of pool and hot tub areas;
  • Clean drains and external channels;
  • Beware of bromeliads, aloes and other plants that can accumulate water;
  • Leave the tarpaulins used to cover the objects well stretched, to avoid the formation of puddles of water;
  • Check the ballroom, restrooms, and pantry.

What is dengue fever and how is it transmitted? What diagnosis and treatment?

It is an infection caused by a virus, which has four different serotypes, DENV1, DENV2, DENV3 and DENV4. Therefore, it is possible to contract the disease up to four times, since infection with one serotype does not generate immunity for others. The risk of the disease progressing to a severe form is higher in people who have already contracted the infection than in people who have never contracted the virus. The symptoms are: fever, headache, muscle and joint pain, pain behind the eyes and red spots on the skin. The disease can progress to a more serious form and cause bleeding in the skin, mucous membranes, internal organs and even lead to death.

Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of a female mosquito. Temples of the Egyptians infected with the virus. The main measure is to eliminate mosquito breeding sites.

What is chikungunya, how is it transmitted?

This is a viral infection, which presents in an acute form (with sudden symptoms of high fever, severe joint pain, headache and muscle pain, and skin rashes may occur) and may progress to the following stages: subacute (with persistent joint pain) and chronic (with persistent joint pain for months or years). The name of the disease derives from an expression used in Tanzania which means “one who stoops”.

The disease is transmitted by the bite of a female mosquito. Temples of the Egyptians infected with the virus.

The diagnosis is made by laboratory tests or by evaluating the signs and symptoms presented and by the presence of the person in areas with detection of the transmitting mosquito or with cases of dengue in the 14 days preceding the onset of the disease.

There is no specific medication for chikungunya fever, but symptoms can be relieved with pain or fever medication prescribed by a doctor.

Medications based on acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin, Melhoral, ASA) and anti-inflammatories should not be used, as they may increase the risk of bleeding.

What is Zika? How is it transmitted and what treatment?

It is a viral infection and its symptoms are itchy redness of the body, non-itchy red eyes without discharge, fever, swelling and joint pain.

The disease is transmitted by the bite of a female mosquito. Temples of the Egyptians infected with the virus.

It is carried out by laboratory tests from the Central Public Health Laboratory (LACEN), which indicate the presence of the virus or antibodies against the disease.

There is no specific medication for Zika virus fever, but symptoms can be relieved with pain or fever medication prescribed by a doctor.

Medications based on acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin, Melhoral, ASA) and anti-inflammatories should not be used, as they may increase the risk of bleeding.

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