Dengue fever and chikungunya cases continue to grow exponentially across the state. According to data from the bulletin of the 19th Epidemiological Week, Piauí recorded a 745.6% increase in dengue fever cases and a 5,112.9% increase in chikungunya cases.
According to the epidemiological report, 187 municipalities recorded 9,242 probable cases of dengue fever in 2022, while over the same period of 2021, 1,093 reports were made by 75 municipalities. The bulletin also reports that the system has confirmed three deaths in the state, all in the municipality of Teresina.
Data from the 19th epidemiological week also show that the five municipalities with the highest incidence of dengue fever are Novo Santo Antônio, Antônio Almeida, Patos do Piauí, Simplício Mendes and Tanque do Piauí.
Regarding chikungunya cases, the survey shows that in 2021, there were only 58 confirmed cases. In 2022, the same period, the number of cases already reaches 1,930. According to the data, the state has not recorded any deaths from chikungunya since 2018.
The bulletin presents Simplício Mendes, Alagoinha do Piauí, São Julião, Monsenhor Hipólito, Alegrete do Piauí, Jaicós, Campo Grande do Piauí and Patos do Piauí as the municipalities with the highest incidence of chikungunya cases.
The Secretary of State for Health Neris Júnior says that the increase in cases is already being monitored and that the technical teams of the secretariat are giving full support to the municipalities.
“This pattern of increase in cases compared to the same period last year repeated itself every week, detecting this increase, our team worked with the municipalities, provided technical support, reinforced the necessary measures and sent the service smoke to the fight against dengue fever and chikungunya in our state,” the secretary noted.
Ocimar Alencar, supervisor of entomology at Sesapi, points out that in addition to the measures taken by municipal and state officials, the participation of the population is essential to reduce cases.
“We repeat this point every week, but the truth is that it is essential that the fight against dengue be more effective. We are in a period of seasonality of the virus where an increase in cases was already expected, however the level recorded us raises concerns for both dengue fever and chikungunya.The literature and our surveys show that 80% of mosquito breeding sites are present in the domestic environment, so it is essential that the population helps the public authorities by cleaning their homes and by preventing the emergence of new environments conducive to the development of the mosquito.”, says Ocimar.
Always looking for other ways to extend support to the municipalities of Piauí in the fight against dengue and chikungunya and in the reduction of cases in Piauí, the teams of the Center for Strategic Information on Health Surveillance ( Cievs) held meetings and trainings with municipalities aimed at adjusting the issue of data recording and better adaptation measures in each region.
“Our team is already visiting municipalities and talking to their representatives and those of neighboring municipalities. This week it is planned to work with Piripiri, Campo Maior and Parnaíba, maintaining this direct contact and thus defining the best strategies for the epidemiological profile of each region, said Amélia Costa, coordinator of Cievs and the epidemiological sector of Sesapi .
Sesapi has also sent the municipalities a technical note on the points that each municipality must adopt to request the smoke bomb. So far, the state has already sent a smoke car to support 40 municipalities across the state.
We evaluated the epidemiological profile of this municipality to verify the need to use or not to smoke in this place. This measure helps us to verify the progress of the confrontation throughout the state, in addition to guaranteeing the correct use of the chemical used to eliminate mosquitoes,” explained Ocimar Alencar.
dengue fever symptoms
According to the Ministry of Health, dengue infection can be asymptomatic (no symptoms), mild or severe. In the latter case, it can lead to death.
Usually, the first manifestation of dengue fever is a high fever (39° to 40°C), of sudden onset, which generally lasts from 2 to 7 days, accompanied by headaches, body and joint pains, in addition to ‘a prostration, a weakness. , pain behind the eyes, rash and itching. Weight loss, nausea and vomiting are common. In some cases, he also has red spots on his skin.
In the initial febrile phase of dengue, it can be difficult to tell the difference. The severe form of the disease includes intense and continuous abdominal pain, persistent vomiting and bleeding from the mucous membranes. When presenting with symptoms, it is important to seek a health service for proper diagnosis and treatment, which is completely free of charge through the Unified Health System (SUS).
How to fight dengue fever
- do not allow water to accumulate on the slab;
- throw in the trash any object likely to accumulate water, such as used packaging, pots, cans, glasses, empty bottles, etc.;
- store the bottles, for return or recycling, upside down and in a place where they do not accumulate water;
- put rubbish in plastic bags and keep the bin tightly closed;
- do not throw garbage in vacant lots;
- keep the garbage bag tightly closed and out of reach of animals until collection by the urban cleanliness service;
- keep the water tank completely closed to prevent it from becoming a breeding ground for mosquitoes;
- keep water tanks and barrels tightly capped;
- fill the dishes of plant pots with sand to the brim or wash them with a brush, soap and water every week;
- wash the inside, with a brush and soap, of the tanks used to store water every week;
- remove leaves and twigs and anything that could hinder the passage of water in the gutters;
- if you have vases of aquatic plants, change the water and wash the vase, especially inside, with a brush, water and soap, at least once a week;
- wash weekly, mainly inside, with a brush and soap, the utensils used to store water at home, such as vases, bottles, pots, buckets, etc.
From the press room