According to data published by ILGA Europe, which analyzes and classifies each year in its Arco-Íris Map the legal, social and political situation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex (LGBTI) people in 49 European countries, Portugal fell From 4th place to 9th place in 2021.
The initiative serves to mark the International and National Day against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia, celebrated on May 17, and demonstrates that important steps have been taken in favor of the rights of LGBTI people in several countries.
“On the contrary, some countries that once led LGBTI+ rights are moving down the ladder, as is the case with Portugal, while others risk following the precedent of countries where LGBTI+ rights are instrumentalized for political ends” , he said. ILGA Portugal, in reaction to the data now known.
Portugal achieves 62% (out of 100%) overall, reaching the maximum score in terms of public space – on which it is mentioned that LGBTI activists are not in danger, that there are no limits to freedom of expression or that associations can work without any obstruction by the state – and the lowest score (33%) on asylum.
On this specific issue, ILGA Europe states that Portugal needs public policies and other asylum measures that “contain express reference to all sexual orientations, gender identities, gender expression and sex characteristics”.
ILGA Europe also makes other recommendations to Portugal so that the situation of LGBTI people improves, namely the end of so-called reconversion therapies in terms of sexual orientation and gender identity, or the clarification of the ban legalization of intersex genital mutilation.
Regarding this last question, ILGA Europe suggests “to implement policies that establish clear rules for informed consent and ensure the intended effect of protecting intersex people from interventions without their personal consent”.
For ILGA Portugal, the drop of five places in the “ranking” is directly linked to the fact that the government’s action plan to combat discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity and expression (2018 -2021) and the following have not yet been released.
“In a current context where homophobic and transphobic violence and discourse are on the rise in all circles, including in Portugal, it is urgent in this legislature to invest in specific responses and public policies for LGBTI+ people”, defends the president of ILGA Portugal in a press release. . .
For Ana Aresta, the country “cannot remain dormant in the protection of human rights, let alone go down the rankings due to the absence of government plans or direct action strategies in the response yet fragile state and public authorities”. services”.
For ILGA Portugal, the ILGA Europe map and annual index “identify advances in LGBTI+ rights in several countries – namely Denmark, Iceland, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, Serbia, Slovakia and Slovenia – at a time when democracy in Europe is under increasing pressure”.
The Portuguese organization points out that “this year’s findings are seen as a ‘welcome’ contrast to those of the 2021 map, which identified a complete stagnation of LGBTI+ rights and equality across Europe” and gives example the case of Denmark, which “jumped seven places to reach second place in the 2022 ranking”, thanks to the fight against discrimination in legislation, including sexual orientation, gender identity, expression of gender and sexual characteristics as aggravating factors in hate crimes.
The Rainbow Map has been presented every May since 2009 to mark the day against homo/trans/biphobia and the ranking ranks the 49 European countries on a scale of 0% to 100%, between serious violations of human rights and respect for human rights and full equality.