A neurologist doctor explains how to identify and differentiate these two types of disorders
by Marcela Melo
If you are a parent, teacher or just walking around the mall and saw this child getting attention like he is disobeying or being aggressive with parents or anyone else around him, maybe -maybe you have seen an example of a child with probable oppositional defiant disorder (ODD).
However, this disorder is not so simple to identify. It takes more signs to tell or not that a child has this type of disorder. Additionally, these same behaviors can be both age-related temper tantrums and practiced by children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
For this reason, child neurologist Marcone Oliveira, specialist in neurodevelopmental disorders, in particular ADHD, and parenting consultant, explains what the main characteristics of ODD and ADHD are and how to identify each of them. To verify!
What is TOD?
Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) is a disorder characterized by disobedient behavior that defies rules, authority figures and symbols, such as fathers, mothers and teachers. In adulthood, this behavior, if left untreated, can get worse.
Although the cause is unknown, experts and studies point out that it is most likely a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Symptoms usually appear before
eight years gone.
TOD is not a tantrum
It should be understood that TOD is not a temper tantrum (a common behavior in children and which passes naturally with age). On the contrary, Oppositional Defiant Disorder is a behavior that makes the child always irritable and often for no reason, doing everything to irritate others. Although treatment is very helpful, OPT is chronic and can last for years or a lifetime.
“Too often I see parents who are unsure whether their children really have ADHD or odd. These characteristics can help differentiate one from the other. The odd child is more easily angry, vindictive , does not know how to tolerate the feeling of frustration, in addition to having a defiant behavior”, explains the neurologist for children.
- Frequent outbursts of anger, sometimes for no reason;
- Does not recognize own mistakes and does not blame others;
- Challenge and confront older people and authority figures;
- Does not obey the rules;
- Displays attitudes and behaviors just to annoy others.
What is ADHD?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is also a chronic disorder that usually begins in childhood and can continue into adulthood. When the child does not cross a
she will have academic development problems.
As an adult, you will have difficult relationships, poor results in higher education, at work and in social life. Although they are different disorders, confusion between ODD and ADHD is common.
“The child with ADHD is impulsive and has difficulty paying attention, but they may also have hyperfocus, in addition to difficulty controlling their movements and actions. Of course, for the correct diagnosis, you will need of a specialized medical consultation, but knowing the signs and symptoms can already be of great help”, explains Dr. Marcone Oliveira.
- Lack of attention;
- Hyperactivity and impulsiveness.
The diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is made clinically and by a doctor who specializes in ADHD. “Although it is not listed as a diagnostic criterion, the lability
is a characteristic of the child with ADHD, this emotional alteration appears in other disorders and, therefore, it is not taken into account in the diagnosis. A child with ADHD has a very low frustration threshold, so he gets irritated very easily,” warns Dr. Marcone Oliveira.