After 26 years of investigation, a report published by the University of Johannesburg last Tuesday (05/17) indicated a satisfactory comparison for the possible origin of the space stone Hypatia, found in 1996. The experts responsible for the case determined that the material responsible for composing the element does not belong to our solar system, showing that the Universe is larger than previously imagined.
Hypatia was found in the Egyptian desert, and since then she has undergone a series of studies that can determine her origin. However, it was only this week that experts in the case discovered the compatibility of the chemical elements present in the object.
With this, the stone in space was discovered to be from a very rare supernova explosion, classified as Type IA, considered one of the most energetic events in the universe.
The group of scientists satisfactorily identified 15 chemical elements in the stone, including high levels of iron, sulfur, phosphorus, copper and vanadium, in addition to low levels of silicon, which are rare in Earth rocks.
This diagram indicates that Hypatia is completely different from anything in our solar system. That’s because objects in the asteroid and meteor belts were also not compatible, where experts are betting on origins beyond the Milky Way.
Stone in space concrete proof of the expansion of the Universe
Some studies have already highlighted the size of the observable Universe, through estimates developed over the years.
For experts, if we look in any direction, the farthest visible regions are about 46 billion light-years away. This means having a diameter of 540 sextillion miles, or 54 followed by 22 zeros.
This number seems immeasurable to human beings, but the emergence of concrete evidence, such as the space stone Hypatia, proves that its expansion is palpable and has been happening for millions of years, although its exact size is not certain.
In addition to scientists, the subject also arouses the interest of people. According to a blog survey, there have been around 2,900 monthly searches for the size of the Universe over the past 12 months across search and user-intent platforms, such as Google Trends and SEMRush, for example. However, even the experts still cannot answer this question.
How does an AI supernova occur?
Several factors worked together to determine that the Egyptian space rock could have come from an AI supernova.
Of the 15 elements identified in Hypatia, eight are found in these events, namely silicon, sulfur, calcium, titanium, vanadium, chromium, manganese, iron and nickel. These elements are left in the universe, called forensic chemistry, from explosions, which occur in stages.
First, a red giant, at the end of its life, collides with a white dwarf, of a very dense type, compatible with the mass of the Sun. However, they are not among the largest celestial bodies in the Universe.
For this reason, the collisions do not generate very powerful explosions, so they do not disintegrate all the components of the stars, which can eventually generate stones in space, which fall to Earth as meteors when the particles cool .
Stone components help experts learn more about the universe
Moreover, other factors also help specialists to determine the origins of the Hypatia stone and, therefore, to know more about the Universe itself.
Indeed, only regions that allow heat explosions can generate components with the identified chemical elements.
For example, the element would not have come from the coldest place in the Universe, currently the Boomerang Nebula, which can reach temperatures as low as -272°C, as Betway presents. Furthermore, Professor Abdalla also explains that, in space, “there are places where the temperatures are very low, such as distant planets, where the temperature is a few degrees above absolute zero”.
Data like this is helping scientists increasingly uncover how outer space and its locations work, also allowing others to answer their doubts, even if they seem impossible to measure. .